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Monthly Archives: November 2016

Lawsuit Filed Against H-1B Visa Lottery Moves Ahead

By Peek & Toland on November 30, 2016

If you want to get a visa to bring a skilled worker over from abroad, you will face entering an H-1B visa lottery.

If you fail to secure a visa, most employers simply enter again next time. However, two employers, and two workers who were not selected in the cap have filed a lawsuit against the H-1B lottery.

Their lawsuit was filed as a class action, a procedure that allows a number of individuals to file one lawsuit.

On September 23, a federal judge in the case rejected the arguments put forward by United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). He indicated the case will move forward.

H1-B Visa Lottery lawsuit proceeds

Those opposed to the H-1B visa lottery claim it is unfair. They say some individuals and companies are filing multiple petitions for the same potential worker, or persuading several companies to apply for an H-1B visa for the same candidate.

The litigants claim some companies are applying year after year and failing to win in the H-1B lottery. Others are getting a visa on the first attempt. This can result in some individuals applying year after year and not obtaining an H-1B number and others receiving it on the first attempt. A number of issues resulted in demands to eliminate the lottery system.

The lawsuit is filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of Oregon. It claims the lottery system runs counter to statutory law and has numerous inherent problems, reported The National Law Review.

The lawsuit argues for a change in the system. It says USCIS should provide priority dates to H-1Bs and process the visas in the order applications are received.

Alternative Approaches to the H-1B Visa Lottery

Alternative approaches to the H1-B visa lottery include:

  • Increasing the H-1B cap.
  • Creating an H-1B exemption for workers from STEM fields.
  • Linking the number of H-1B visas to demand in the U.S. economy.
  • Exempting those with a master’s degree from the cap. At present, an additional 20,000 spots are made available every year for those who hold advanced degrees.

You can read more about specialty occupation visas on our website. You can usually qualify to enter the H-1B lottery if the job requires a bachelor’s degree or higher. There are a number of qualification. These include proving the complex nature of the job by highlighting parallel positions that require a degree or by pointing to other similar positions in the firm that required a degree.

Fields that require highly specialized knowledge include architecture, IT skills.  Engineering, mathematics, medicine, law, academia and biotechnology are other areas.

If you want to find out more about H1-B visas or need help applying for one, please call our Austin immigration lawyers at (512) 474-4445.

Posted in Immigration, Visas

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Three of the Most Pressing Business Immigration Issues

By Peek & Toland on November 29, 2016

The importance of businesses immigration issues was highlighted in an article by the American Bar Association.  It explained some of the most important challenges that face modern companies.

Increasing globalization has meant companies now compete on a worldwide rather than a national stage. More than ever before American companies are in a competition with overseas companies to hire the brightest talents.

The article noted many of the top performing students in the science professions at U.S. universities are from foreign countries.

It argued some of America’s immigration laws and the negative headlines are hindering U.S. firms. We are sympathetic to these arguments as a Texas immigration law firm that helps companies apply for visas for immigrant workers.

Here are three major immigration issues cited by U.S. businesses.

Three of the biggest immigration issues facing business

Businesses face major immigration issues

Pertinent Business Immigration Issues

1  Criminal Enforcement Measures

For more than a decade, employers have had to verify the identity and employment authorization of their workers through the I-9 process.

The American Bar Association noted in a change in how U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement or ICE has been enforcing I-9 obligations. Until about six years ago, enforcement was almost entirely through civil provisions of the law. These were not large fines, more of a “slap on the wrist” than a real punishment.

However, during the final years of the administration of George W. Bush, the focus moved to criminal sanctions against companies that hired immigrants lacking valid visas. The trend continued under the Obama administration.

No company wants to be the subject to raids by ICE investigators with all of the negative stigma that attracts.

These potential criminal sanctions can make immigration a difficult area for companies. They want the best workers but can approach these business immigration issues with trepidation. An experienced Austin immigration lawyer can help you through this minefield and help your company set up best practices to avoid a visit from the ICE agents.

2 The Requirement to use E-Verify

E-Verify is a system that has been expanded in recent years as we wrote in a recent blog. The program allows companies to obtain electronic verification from the government of the work status of a given employee. It remains voluntary for most firms but can be a useful way to finding out if you are employing an undocumented immigrant.

E-Verify is a relatively new government program whereby employers can obtain electronic verification from the government of an employee’s authorized work status. This program remains voluntary for most employers.

E-Verify is used by more than 600,000 companies and it may eventually become mandatory for all employers. Companies have to use the system in states like Arizona and Alabama. It is also required by federal contractors.

E-Verify is among the pressing business immigration issues for many employers. E-Verify allows ICE to inspect the records of an employer without notice and entails the use of a government database which may not always be accurate. There are risks as well as opportunities making this a consideration for companies that seek to hire immigrants.
3 Issues with H1-B Visa Quotas

The H1-B visa lottery is one of the biggest issues that face companies which want to hire skilled workers.

The season for H1-B visas opened on April 1, 2016, and the statutory cap of 65,000 visas for FY 2017 had been reached by April 7.

The current quotas bear no relation to the demands from businesses for skilled foreign workers. The tech industry is pushing for visa reforms to make more of these visas available.
In practice, businesses have just one day to file their H1-B petitions and demand far outstrips supply.

Companies that employ fewer skilled foreign workers also face the same quote issues as are seen with H-2B temporary visas for seasonal employees like landscapers, resort workers and hospitality workers.
If you are applying for a visa for a foreign worker it’s a very complicated and difficult process. It makes sense to hire an experienced Texas immigration attorney. Contact us here.

Posted in Immigration

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Immigrant Smuggling – Maintenance Worker Takes 500 Immigrants Through Austin

By Peek & Toland on November 28, 2016

Immigrant smuggling is defined by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement as the importation of people into the United States as a way of deliberately evading the law.

The laws in question are immigration laws. The offense includes the bringing of illegal immigrants into the country and the unlawful transportation and harboring of immigrants who are already here illegally. ICE states some smuggling scenarios also include serious crimes like rape, murder, and assault.

Former school district worker is charged with immigrant smuggling

Recently, the TV news station KXAN reported on how a former school district maintenance worker from Austin and his wife smuggled more than 500 immigrants who lacked documentation into the United States from Mexico.

San Juana Valdez Menchaca, a 54-year-old woman, was sentenced to 70 months in federal prison. Her husband, 57-year-old Julian Perez Perez, received a sentence of 33 months. Perez is a former Austin Independent School District maintenance worker. The couple pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to transport undocumented aliens on July 7, 2016.

Couple Ran Elaborate Scheme for Immigration Smuggling

The report on KXAN said the couple ran an elaborate scheme. Smuggled immigrants would be sent to destinations across the country.

The Department of Justice said the couple was involved in immigrant smuggling for 10 years. They were finally arrested in April this year. The operation involved a network of co-conspirators from Mexico. They usually took the new arrivals across the border near Laredo and brought them into the Austin area. They were sent to final destinations in states including North Carolina, Florida, Alabama, Virginia and Kentucky, ICE stated.

Investigators said the couple made millions of dollars from the scheme. Family members of the immigrants would deposit payments for immigrant smuggling into back accounts ran by the couple. They were ordered to pay $1.173 million – equivalent to the amount they obtained through the smuggling operation and $10,000 in fines. U.S. District Judge Sam Sparks ordered them to forfeit their home in Cedar Creek and more than $100,000 seized on the day they were arrested.

The arrests were the culmination of a joint investigation by Homeland Security Investigations agents and the Austin Police Department.

Alien or immigrant smuggling often crosses state lines and is investigated at a federal level. That means the penalties on conviction are very serious.

At Peek & Toland , our Austin immigrant smuggling attorneys will work meticulously to make sure you get a fair trial. We will look at any mitigating factors. You can read more about immigrant smuggling here.

If you are being investigated or have been charged by ICE, call us today for a consultation at (512) 474-4445.

Posted in Criminal Defense, Immigration

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How Hair Comparison Evidence was Discredited

By Peek & Toland on November 25, 2016

Hair comparison evidence has been used to convict hundreds of people nationwide. Three years ago, the FBI admitted the forensic technique is unreliable.

For many people who were jailed, the realization came too late. In a recent article, The Guardian highlighted the case of George Perrot who spent almost three decades in prison due to the evidence derived from a single hair.

An FBI agent recovered the hair from the sheet of the bed a 78-year-old woman who was raped by a burglar in Massachusetts in 1985.

Hair comparison evidence has become discredited

No physical evidence tied Perrot, who was just 17 at the time, to the crime scene. There was no semen or blood evidence, rendering a DNA match impossible.

Even the victim said Perrot didn’t look anything like her attacker. However, he was put on trial in 1992. An FBI agent proclaimed himself to be an expert in hair evidence. He said a hair recovered from the bed sheet matched that of Perrot.

The agent told the jury he was an expert in hair and textile fibers. His testimony was strong and he presented himself as such a convincing witness that the jury convicted Perrot.

Hair Comparison Evidence is Discredited

Three years ago in July 2013, the FBI admitted a major retreat from “hair comparison evidence.”

For decades its investigators learned the technique and used it in tens of thousands of cases. However, the 2013 statement revealed the evidence is scientifically invalid.

The FBI stated:

  • A microscopic analysis of hair analysis is not able to scientifically distinguish one suspect to the exclusion of all other people.
  • It is impossible to give any statistical credence to comparisons to that pointed to a likelihood of the hair coming from a specific source.
  • The number of previous hair comparison tests carried out by expert witnesses should not be used as a factor in court to demonstrate a case for how a hair belonged to a specific person.

The scale of the miscarriage of justice over hair comparison evidence may be huge. A report in the Washington Post stated there were 28 examiners employed by the FBI Laboratory’s microscopic hair comparison unit. All but two overstated forensic matches to favor the prosecution in more than 95 percent of 268 trials. Other are still to be reviewed, stated the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers (NACDL).

At Peek & Toland we provide vigorous representation for people who have been charged with crimes in and around Austin. Even if the evidence seems to be stacked against you, it may be flawed. A criminal defense attorney will challenge suspect evidence. Call us at (512) 474-4445.

Posted in Criminal Defense

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Supreme Court Refused to Block Subpoenas against Backpage.com in Sex Trafficking Case

By Peek & Toland on November 24, 2016

In recent years, there has been considerable speculation linking the website Backpage.com to allegations of sex trafficking.

The activities of Backpage.com have recently come under the scrutiny of a Senate committee which has subpoenaed the controversial website.

In October, agents in Texas raided the Dallas headquarters of the adult classified site and arrested Carl Ferrer, its chief executive officer. The raid followed allegations that both adult and child sex-trafficking victims were forced into prostitution via escort ads posted on Backpage.com.

Action taken against Backpage over sex trafficking

The action comes after the Center for Missing and Exploited Children identified the website as a major online marketplace for sex trafficking ads on the Internet.

The Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations took the rare step of issuing the subpoena last year, reported CNN Money.

However, the subpoena was not answered. The committee then held Backpage.com to be in contempt of Congress – an action it has not taken for two decades.

Actions like this are always of interest to us as Austin criminal defense attorneys. Opponents claim Congress is interfering with the Constitution.

Backpage.com claimed the First Amendment protected it from adhering to the Senate’s demands.

The U.S. Supreme Court stated otherwise. In a recent judgment, it denied Backpage’s request to block the subpoena. Justice Samuel Alito recused himself from the decision.

Suspected Child Sex Trafficking on Backpage.com

Sex trafficking of any kind is a serious and shocking crime that causes terrible trauma to its victims. However, there are some areas of concern in the recent Supreme Court’s decision.

CNN contributor Stephen Vladeck, a law professor at the University of Texas, said the case has serious implications and labeled it “an absolute quagmire in First Amendment doctrine.” He said.

“The whole fight is about whether and to what extent the First Amendment protects online publishers of third-party content (like Backpage).”

Backpage functions like Craigslist. People are able to post ads on it. In recent years many of the ads for adult services have moved from Craigslist to Backpage.

Backpage said it combats human trafficking. The company pointed out it  screens posts for unlawful activities like sex trafficking. The Senate subcommittee has taken a different view. Its members claim Backpage helps sex traffickers by helping to shield them from detection.

Senate investigators claim Backpage screens its posts before they appear online, and actively deletes key words that could alert law enforcement officials to criminal activity.

The arrest of Ferrer seems to have upped the stakes. He was arrested on a warrant from California after arriving at Houston’s Bush Intercontinental Airport from Amsterdam reported ABC news.

Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton accused Backpage of perpetrating “modern day slavery” in the state.

Sex trafficking crimes are treated very seriously by the authorities. If you are charged with crimes of this nature, you should call our Austin criminal defense attorneys as soon as possible at (512) 474-4445.

Posted in Criminal Defense

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Murder Rate Sees Biggest Spike Since 1971

By Peek & Toland on November 23, 2016

We have heard plenty of speculation that the murder rate is rising in U.S. cities. A recent study released by the FBI has confirmed the deadly trend.

The data released at the end of the summer revealed murders rose 10.8 percent year- on-year in 2015. It was the largest single-year jump in percentage terms since 1971, the Guardian reported.

Just 10 cities accounted for the dramatic rise. These cities saw 524 additional murders. Baltimore in Maryland saw the biggest numerical increase – up 133 killings or 63 percent year on year.

murder rate sees biggest rise since 1971

The biggest percentage increases were seen in Aurora in Colorado and Anchorage in Alaska – 118 and 117 percent respectively.

In terms of raw numbers Houston in Texas saw the third biggest rise in murders of any U.S. city with 61 more killings.

Worryingly, many of the cities that saw big murder rate rises in 2015 have seen killings spike further this year.

Homicides or murders are up 15 percent in Houston and 13 percent in Kansas City, according to police department figures. Philadelphia and Nashville have seen increases of 5 percent and 6 percent.

While the murder rate rose, the overall crime rate has remained stable. The rise in murders follows a 20-year downward trend. The gains of the past few years have been wiped out and the murder rate is back at 15,696, about the same as the rate in 2009. The violent crime rate remains much lower than in the late 1980s and early 1990s when it hit a peak. It’s still about half of the 1991 murder rate.

The national murder rate last year was about half what it was in 1991.

The Guardian reported the rising tide of homicides was driven by an increase in the murders of black men, and an overall rise in gun murders. At least 900 more African American men were killed in 2015 than in the previous year, according to the FBI data. There were as many as 1,500 more firearm murders last year.

Murder is the most serious offense anyone can face in Texas or other states. However, there are different types of murder charges and some homicides end up as manslaughter cases. Texas has a long history of charging the wrong person with murder. You can read more about murder in Texas here.

If you have been charged with this very serious offense it’s vital to seek the help of an experienced criminal defense lawyer as soon as possible. Call us today at (512) 474-4445.

Posted in Criminal Defense

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How to Obtain Proof of Citizenship

By Peek & Toland on November 22, 2016

The advantages of U.S. Citizenship can be eroded if you don’t have proof of citizenship. Fortunately, there are a number of documents you can apply for to validate your status.

If you are having problems an experienced Austin citizenship lawyer can help you out. The best avenue to proof of citizenship will depend on how you gained it.

Documentation for People Born on U.S. Soil

If you were born in the United States, you can use your birth certificate as proof of citizenship. Being born on a U.S, military base overseas or U.S. territory abroad is classified as U.S. soil.

How to obtain proof of citizenship

The applicable document is the standard American birth certificate issued by the state government as opposed to the birth certificate given to your parents at the hospital where you were born.

If you became naturalized in the United States, you would have been given a naturalization certificate rather than a birth certificate.

Proof of Citizenship Through your Parents

If you were born outside the United States but are entitled to citizenship through your parents you will have to apply for either a U.S. passport or a certificate of citizenship.

If your parents are both U.S. citizens, you may become a U.S citizen through the process called “acquisition” of citizenship. You may also become a citizen if one or both of your parents were naturalized. This process is called “derivation” of citizenship.

Certificates of Consular Registration of Birth

If U.S. citizens give birth to children outside the United States, they have five years to register the birth. The registration must take place with the U.S. consulate.

The consulate will issue them a document called a Consular Registration of Birth Abroad which provides proof of citizenship.

If you wait until after five years after a baby’s birth, you won’t be able to apply for a Consular Registration of Birth Abroad and must apply for a passport or a certificate of citizenship to prove you are a citizen. It’s the same process if you have lost a Consular Registration of Birth Abroad.

American Passports

Obtaining a passport is a straightforward way of getting proof of citizenship if you are a U.S. citizen.

There are some additional steps if you were born abroad to U.S. citizens.

You must

1 Show your parents are U.S. citizens;

2 Prove they met all of the residency requirements or followed them unless they had an exemption through not knowing the laws.

The evidence you supply can be in the form of tax records, employment records, citizenship records or affidavits from relatives explaining why you did not know about your claim to citizenship.

This evidence may be in the form of citizenship records, tax records, employment records, or affidavits from you or relatives explaining why you were unaware of your claim to American citizenship.

Apply at a U.S. passport office or directly with the U.S. consulate abroad.

Certificates of Citizenship

Certificates of Citizenship are proof of citizenship documents issued by US. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). They can only be obtained from USCIS in the United States and are issued to people with a citizenship claim.

It can be more difficult to obtain a Certificate of Citizenship than a passport and it’s not uncommon to wait a year to receive one.

Certificates are easiest to obtain through a parent but also are given via naturalization through marriage.

Relevant documentation should include.

  • Marriage certificates
  • Parent’s birth certificates
  • Certificates of naturalization

Any changes to your name would have to be backed up with documentation such as a marriage certificate or a divorce decree.

Immigration laws are complex and require a lot of paperwork. At Peek & Toland , we know the challenges you can face making a citizenship application and want to help you. To speak to a representative, call us today at (512) 474-4445.

Posted in Citizenship

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More than 800 People Slated for Removal Benefit from Citizenship Mistake

By Peek & Toland on November 21, 2016

A high profile citizenship mistake recently saw more than 850 people from countries with a long record of immigration fraud being granted naturalization.

A report on NPR stated all 858 of the individuals had previously been ordered out of the United States. Officials from the Department of Homeland Security blamed the citizenship mistake on flawed fingerprint records.

The error came to light during an investigation into whether U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services was using databases that contain personal information properly for naturalization applications.

This citizenship mistake is highly alarming. Not only does it have national security implications, but it questions how USCIS is using information for other citizenship applications. USCIS can and does make mistakes. A Texas citizenship attorney can help identify these errors and make sure there are no flaws in your application.

Immigrants slated for removal benefit from citizenship mistake

NPR reported the inspector general’s report said neither the FBI nor the Department of Homeland Security had the fingerprint records of those due to be deported. They were on paper and had not yet been digitized.

At least three of the people in question carried out work at airports or maritime facilities. This work was described as “security sensitive.”

Incomplete Fingerprint Records Lead to Citizenship Mistake

The detailed report said almost 150,000 fingerprint records that are yet to be digitized belong to people who are slated for deportation, fugitives or criminals. Homeland Security set up a digital database in 2007.

The naturalization process only uses digitized fingerprint records. Some people who applied under a different name were wrongly approved for citizenship.

The report also alludes to a gap in information-sharing between the Department of Homeland Security and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Not all of the records taken during the immigration process were sent on to the FBI.

The report called for a review of every single one of the 858 cases of mistaken citizenship to determine whether the applicant was eligible for citizenship. For those who are ineligible, denaturalization will require legal proceedings.

If you are applying for citizenship or facing deportation, you should hire an experienced Austin immigration lawyer. A number of factors determine eligibility for citizenship and there are different routes.

Call us at Peek & Toland at <a href=\"5124744445\">(512) 474-4445</a> for a consultation on naturalization or any other immigration issue.

Posted in Cancellation of Removal, Citizenship

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Immigrant Jobs Survey Finds Arrivals Aren’t Taking Jobs

By Peek & Toland on November 18, 2016

An immigrant jobs survey published earlier this year helps counter claims that arrivals from other countries are taking jobs from local people in the USA.

The issue was tackled in a report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine. The authors looked at claims arrivals were taking native jobs and came to the conclusion they were not, with some exceptions.

The question goes to the heart of one of the main issues in the U.S. Presidential election. Many American workers who are struggling with the tail end of the recession believe immigrants have taken their jobs. It’s a stance that was taken by Donald Trump, the Republican nominee for the White House. He has backed immigration controls including the requirement for jobs to be open to American workers first.

Immigrant job survey shows new arrivals are not taking local jobs

The Economic and Financial Consequences of Immigration study collected research from 14 experts.

Francine D. Blau, an economics professor at Cornell University who led the group, said immigration appears to have little or no adverse effect on the employment prospects or wages of American-born workers.

Immigrant Job Survey Finds New Arrivals Often Earn Less

Indeed, many immigrants who arrived years ago remain in the same low-wage labor markets as new arrivals. Often they earn less and have difficulty finding employment.

Meanwhile, immigrants with a high skills set have a positive impact by spurring innovation and creating more jobs in the United States, the immigrant jobs survey found.

Earlier this year we noted how immigrants are boosting the economy of Texas. While immigrant jobs remain a contentious issue, there is plenty of evidence that workers from overseas are taking jobs that local people don’t want to do anyway.

An article in The Atlantic documented how landscaping companies became the largest employers of non-agricultural guest workers from overseas.

It said Americans shell out as much as $600 on landscaping every year. But it’s hard to find local employees who are willing to do the backbreaking work.

This summer’s report stated that the prospects for sustained economic growth in the United States would be impacted without the contributions of high-skilled immigrants.

However, the question about whether immigrants impact local budgets is a more complex one. Professor Blau said the first generation of arrivals usually cost governments more than they contribute in taxes. However, by the second generation. they are contributing more than they take from local coffers.

This immigrant jobs survey is generally good news for arrivals from abroad who often face discrimination and stigma. If you need help with an immigration matter, please contact our Austin family immigration lawyers at (512) 474-4445.

Posted in Immigration

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What Are the Penalties for a Texas Assault Conviction?

By Peek & Toland on November 17, 2016

The penalties for a Texas assault depend on the seriousness of the alleged attack. The first key distinction to make is whether it’s a simple assault or an aggravated assault.

Assault can be a misdemeanor or a felony. The range of penalties can go from a fine or community service to as long as 10 years in jail.

What is a Simple Texas Assault?

In Texas, you can commit a simple assault if you:

  • intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly caused bodily injury to the victim;
  • Knowingly or intentionally threatened another individual with imminent bodily injury, or
  • intentionally or knowingly caused physical contact to somebody else when the offender knows or reasonably should know the victim would find it provocative or offensive.

Some people protest that they didn’t touch the “victim” after an assault charge. Even if there was no physical contact, you can be charged with assault. In the context of assault by threat, the term “bodily injury” means anything that causes pain, even if no mark is left.

There are a wide variety of punishments for a Texas assault

Simple assault is normally a Class C misdemeanor. However, the offense is elevated to a Class A misdemeanor if the victim is disabled or elderly.

If the offender knows the victim is an athlete or a sports official who is assaulted at a sporting event, it’s a Class B misdemeanor.

A domestic assault can be a third-degree felony, depending on the circumstances.

If you are convicted of a misdemeanor Texas assault, the likely sentence depends on the class of assault. Here are the possible sentences

  • Class A misdemeanor – The offender faces up to one year in jail or a fine up to $4000, or both
  • A Class B misdemeanor – up to 180 days in jail or a fine of $2000 or less, or both, and
  • Class C misdemeanor – a fine up to $500.

If you are convicted of a third-degree felony you can be sentenced to two to ten years in prison and fined up to $10,000.

What is An Aggravated Texas Assault?

We talk about aggravated assault in Texas on our website. Under Section 22.02 of the Texas penal code, you can commit and aggravated assault if:

  • You intentionally, knowingly or recklessly caused serious bodily injury to another person, or
  • You used or exhibited a deadly weapon during the assault, including threatening another person with bodily injury or taking part in conduct that the victim likely will find offensive.

Felony aggravated assault or carrying out an assault with a weapon is a second-degree felony punishable. It can lead to by 2 to 20 years’ incarceration.

A first-degree felony aggravated assault charge can be brought if the offender uses a deadly weapon and causes a serious bodily injury to the victim.

There is a list of classifications under the Texas Penal Code. Committing serious bodily injury to a family member constitutes a first-degree felony. This also applies to someone the offender has had a relationship with. The Texas assault falls into this category if it’s committed against a public servant such as a police officer, a security guard or a witness to a crime.

You can expect to spend five to 99 years in jail if convicted of a first-degree assault felony. You can be fined up to $10,000.

Any assault can be serious for your future life and liberty. These offenses can land you in jail for a long time. You should contact an experienced Texas criminal defense attorney after an assault charge. Contact Peek & Toland here.

Posted in Criminal Defense

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