Immigration Case Victories
On-Going Case: Client is a Mexican citizen who was pulled over for speeding and arrested when she couldn’t provide proper identification. Client hired Peek & Toland Law Firm to help with her immigration removal case. The prosecution submitted a Notice to Appear in immigration court stating client had entered without inspection. However, client entered with inspection as a child on a visitor’s visa with her mother. The prosecution failed to amend their Notice of Appear to document that client had entered the U.S. with inspection; allowing Peek & Toland’s immigration team to argue that client’s removal proceedings should be terminated. The judge agreed and client was released from immigration custody and is now free to pursue deferred action for childhood arrivals to stay with her family in the U.S.
March 18, 2013 (Cancellation Case): Our client is a legal permanent resident who was arrested and placed in cancellation proceedings. Peek & Toland’s immigration team was able to argue that despite our client’s former procession of controlled substance conviction, the Court should cancel removal proceedings against our client. Peek & Toland’s immigration team argued that our client was not an aggravated felon and met all the statutory requirements under U.S. immigration law and thus, should not be removed. The Court agreed and thanks to Peek & Toland’s immigration team, client will remain in the U.S. with his family.
March 18, 2013 (DACA Case): Client is a Mexican citizen who came to the U.S. as a child with her Aunt. Although client met all the requirements for deferred action for childhood arrivals (DACA), she lacked strong proof of evidence to show she had lived in the U.S. for the past five years, a requirement for DACA, because she had not worked a great, opting instead to care for her sick and ailing aunt. When client’s DACA application came back from USCIS with a request for evidence, client was disappointed. However, Peek & Toland stepped encouraging client’s aunt to sign a sworn affidavit to client’s presence and care, along with aunt’s medical records to show of aunt’s illness. Upon re-submission, client was approved for DACA and thanks to Peek & Toland client is now able to stay in the U.S. to care for her ill aunt.
Criminal Defense Case Victories
February 13, 2013 (Federal Charge): Client is a Mexican citizen charged with the federal crime of alien smuggling after entering into the United States with five other individuals. He was facing a potential sentence of 10 years when he hired Peek & Toland Law Firm’s federal criminal defense team to represent him. On cross-examination of the lead investigator during the examination trial and detention hearing, it became clear that our client had not smuggled the other individuals, but rather had joined with them in a joint effort to illegally enter the United States. As a result of the strategies employed during the initial hearings, the Peek & Toland federal criminal defense team negotiated a very favorable plea agreement resulting in a sentence of eight months, or time served!
February 20, 2013 (State-Felony Charge): Client was originally charged with Assault on a Security Officer, a third degree felony, after becoming involved in a physical altercation in the parking lot of his apartment complex with another tenant. Peek & Toland Law Firm’s criminal defense team obtained affidavits from witnesses to the altercation who not only were never interviewed by the police, but whose testimonies contracted the statements contained in the police report. As a result, the attorneys were able to negotiate an agreement with the State that reduced the case to a misdemeanor charge of assault. Over a year later the client was offered a better job out of state but needed permission to be released early from his probation. Peek & Toland’s criminal defense team successfully argued for his early discharge resulting in the client being able to move his family out of state for a better job.
March 14, 2013 (State-Misdemeanor Charge): Client was pulled over by the police for allegedly nearly striking an 18-wheeler while driving on the interstate. After a brief investigation, officers arrested Client and charged her with DWI. After refusing to provide a breath specimen, an officer obtained client’s blood draw through a warrant which allegedly purported to show a blood alcohol level well above the legal limit. Peek & Toland’s criminal defense team attacked the sufficiency of the blood draw warrant and the results of the blood draw eventually resulting in the State dismissing the DWI and allowing the Client to be placed on probation for a non-alcohol related offense.
Chaidez v. United States, 568 U.S. ____ (2013).
Last month, one of the partners at Peek & Toland, Jeff Peek, wrote an article outlining the legal issues before the U.S. Supreme Court in Chaidez v. U.S. In Padilla v. Kentucky, 559 U.S. ____, the U.S. Supreme Court held that under the Sixth Amendment, criminal defense attorneys are required to inform non-citizen clients of the deportation risks of a guilty plea. The issue before the U.S. Supreme Court in Chaidez, involved whether Padilla could be applied retroactively to cases already final on direct review. The Supreme Court in Chaidez, found that Padilla does not apply retroactively to cases already final or on direct review. The Court reasoned that Padilla created a new rule. Under Teague v. Lane, 489 U.S. 288, a person whose conviction is already final may not benefit from a new rule of criminal procedure on collateral review. Thus, those clients whose attorneys failed to advise them of the immigration consequences of their guilty plea are unable to seek ineffective assistance of counsel for their claims under Padilla.
However, the U.S. Supreme Court maintained that an attorney may not affirmatively misrepresent his expertise or mislead his client as to an important matter. In other words, an attorney may not affirmatively advise his non-citizen client that his client’s guilty plea will not result in immigration consequences, such as deportation, if the opposite is true.
Bailey v. United States, 568 U.S. ___ (2013)(Slip Opinion).
Police were outside an apartment preparing to execute a search warrant for a gun, when two men, Bailey and Middleton, exited the apartment and left in a vehicle from the complex. Some detectives began a search of the apartment and other detectives followed the two men for over a mile before instructing them to pull over. Police then searched the two men and uncovered keys on Bailey’s person. When asked Bailey admitted that the keys were to his apartment, but did not say where he lived and the detectives had no evidence linking Bailey to the apartment being searched. When the detectives return to the apartment complex, they learned that other police officers had uncovered a gun and illegal drugs inside the apartment.
Bailey challenged the admissibility of his statement regarding the keys and his apartment, as well as the taking of his keys found on his person during the vehicle stop. The issue before the Supreme Court became whether the evidence found on Bailey’s person and his admissions were incident to the execution of the search warrant under Michigan v. Summers.
The U.S. Supreme Court held that that the rule in Summers is limited to the immediate vicinity of the premises to be searched and does not apply in this case, because Bailey was detained at a point beyond any reasonable understanding of the immediate vicinity of the premises in question. The Court reasoned that Summers protected three important law enforcement interests. The first interest is to detain occupants found within or immediately outside the residence being search so officers can search without fear that the occupants will become disruptive, dangerous or otherwise frustrate the search. The second interest is the facilitation of the completion of the search to prevent unrestrained occupants from hiding or destroying evidence, distracting officers, or simply getting in the way. The final interest is to prevent the occupants from flight or rushing the search.
In applying the first two interested from Summers to the Bailey case, the Court found that Bailey did not pose a threat to the officers conducting the search of the apartment because had left the premises without knowledge of the search. Additionally, the Court found that Bailey was not physically present at the search, so he could not have hidden or destroyed evidence, distracted officers or simply been in the way of the search. The Court did note that Bailey could have been a flight risk, however the Court noted that, “the mere fact that law enforcement may be more efficient can never by itself justify disregard for the Fourth Amendment.” Thus, the Court found that officers erred in detaining Bailey when he was a mile away from the premises to be searched.
Core Values In Action
Investing In Excellence
Peek & Toland would like to Welcome Attorneys Natalia Peralta and Dawn Salas to the firm.
Read More of the Spring 2013 Newsletter:
- Where Criminal Defense Law & Immigration Law Intersect: Chaidez Court says Padilla Rule is NOT Retroactive
- Immigration: How to Immigrate your Foreign Born Spouse to the U.S.
- Criminal Defense: Consent Searches of Vehicles
- Legal Update, Success Stories, Core Values in Action