We know immigration matters form a large part of federal prosecutions. A recent study found out more than half of these prosecutions are immigration related.
The latest information available in a TRAC report found criminal prosecutions for offenses like illegal entry, illegal re-entry and other violations made up 52 percent of all federal prosecutions in FY 2016.
There were 69,636 prosecutions over the 12 months that ended in September 2016, compared to 63,405 prosecutions for other major federal crimes such as drug trafficking, weapons offenses and white collar crimes like frauds.
Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) stated the figures were obtained after lengthy litigation against the U.S. Department of Justice.
Although more than half of all federal prosecutions were immigration related, immigration prosecutions in 2016 were down 6.9 percent from FY 2015 when there were 74,791.
TRAC recorded a significant reduction of 15.3 percent from the levels of five years ago when there were more than 82,250 immigration-linked prosecutions.
However, prosecutions for immigration offenses are considerably higher than a decade ago. In 2006, 37,529 were reported. That’s an increase of more than 85 percent.
The trend raises questions about why the number of immigration offenses has risen so dramatically.
According to the Pew Research Center, the dramatic growth in offenses that ended up in sentences in federal courts was driven by enforcement of one immigration offense -unlawful reentry into the country.
The Pew Center stated that from 1992 to 2012, the number of unlawful reentry convictions for immigrants returning to the US increased 28-fold, from 690 cases in 1992 to 19,463 in 2012.
From 2005, U.S. Border Patrol stepped up its enforcement efforts at the border between the United States and Mexico. Before 2005, immigrants who were picked up at the border were routinely allowed to return to Mexico rather than facing a criminal penalty.
The Pew Center data found the increased rising number of convictions for unlawful reentry offenses changed the offense composition of federal offenders. In 2012, for example, immigration offenses represented 30 percent of offenders, compared to 5 percent in 1992.
In recent years immigration offenses have overtaken other criminal offenses in terms of volume. As Austin immigration and criminal attorneys, we have a long track record of helping people charged with immigration offenses. We provide vigorous representation for federal offenses like drug trafficking. Call us today for a consultation at (512) 474-4445.